As the temperatures increases, so does your risk for heat related illnesses. Heatstroke, heat exhaustion, dehydration and heat cramps are just a few of the potential results from extremely hot weather if you don’t take the necessary steps to protect yourself.
According to Injury Facts 2016, 372 people died in the United Sates in 2013 from excessive heat exposure. There are certain groups that are more at risk including: elderly people, infants and young children, people who work outside, pets and people with heart or circulatory problems.
There are ways to help protect yourself during these hot summer days. The best way to avoid a heat-related illness is to limit your time outside during especially warm days. Additional ways to cool off include:
• Using air conditioning
• Drinking plenty of fluids like water, fruit juice or sports drinks
• Wear loose clothing and a hat
• Always wear sunscreen (sunburns increase body temperature)
• Avoid alcohol
• Try to avoid spending time outside during the hottest part of the day, from 11am-3pm
If you notice someone suffering from a heat related illness, try these safety tips:
• Move the person into the shade and if necessary, call for emergency help (especially for heatstroke)
• Spray them with water and fan them vigorously
• Apply wet towels or get them to a cold shower
• Drink a cold beverage like water or sports drink